A Brief History of

Tips on Refining and Usage of Petroleum Products

In layman language, petroleum products are materials that are derived from refining crude oil. The more substantial part of petroleum is usually converted into petroleum products. These are compound mixtures that comprise of various categories of fuel. There are many non-identical hydrocarbons which make up crude oil that is drawn out of geological sources. In that case, this crude oil is taken through a complicated cleansing process that segregates it many hydrocarbon forms. Moreover, the hydrocarbons will be turned into the products wished for during the cleansing process. This article is about some petroleum products from the oil refining process.

With a lot of end products resulting from the refining process, only a few will be looked at in this work. We begin with vacuum gas oil (VGO) as an oil refining product. VGO is an essential in-between feed, that can upgrade the results of some fuels. Diesel, and gasoline are perfect examples of the fuels whose output is enhanced by VGO. Vacuum distillation is regularly employed to get gas oil from residual oil. High temperatures and vacuum conditions area applied throughout the distillation operation.

The vacuum is used to bring down the boiling temperature of the oil. In that case, distillation is performed under circumstances that are not attainable with atmospheric distillation. This process segregates heavy and light gas oil into distinct parts, and a vacuum residuum remains behind. The light portion of VGO is hence referred to as light vacuum gas oil otherwise LVGO.

Ethylene glycol (EG) is one more organic product that will be examined. Ethylene glycol is an additional petroleum product, which is obtained from natural gas. Two processes depend on ethylene glycol as the basic material from which the products will be made. Firstly, ethylene glycol is used to produce antifreeze formulations. Secondarily, it is put to use in the manufacture of polyester fibers. Moreover, this liquid is uncolored and unscented. When mixed with water, ethylene glycol reduces the freezing temperature of water below zero. In the plastic industry, ethylene glycol serves as a critical precursor. Manufacture of plastic bottles is an illustration of where it can be used, so long as it is changed into a proper form.

In conclusion, as said before, ethylene glycol is very toxic especially to animals and humans. It has a sweet taste that attracts mobile living things. Once it is taken in, it is converted to oxalic acid that is fatal to the body in large doses. It is therefore recycled to minimize this damage. Vacuum distillation is used in ethylene glycol recycling. Ethylene glycol mixture that is worn out is evaporated in a heat exchanger to remove dirt.